The Origin of Independent Politics
Independence was the lifelong revolutionary creed and practice of Kim Il Sung, the eternal President of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
President Kim Il Sung held fast to the principle of solving all problems in the interests of the Korean revolution, and adhered strictly to this principle in laying down political lines and adopting policies. Even now, the Korean people recall the days of the anti-Japanese armed struggle in the early 20th century when the people’s power was born in the guerrilla bases in the form of liberated zones.
At the time, the issue of political power was regarded as a matter to be taken up after the liberation of the country which was still in a state of colonial semi-feudal society, a matter actually feasible only in case of the restoration of national sovereignty. Kim Il Sung, however, saw the people earnest desire to have their own political power even in the guerrilla base and lead a life worthy of man, and decided to build a government first in the guerrilla base before its establishment in the liberated Korea.
He concluded that the form of political power for the Korean people should be broad-scaled to embrace all people who constitute the motive force of the revolution in serious consideration of the fact that the absolute majority of the people, regardless of their property status including workers, peasants, intellectuals, petty bourgeoisie, and even national capitalists and religious men demand the country’s independence and have vital interests in it.
According to the conception of the leader, the people’s revolutionary government came into existence with the unanimous support of the Korean people. It became the model of the people’s government to be established in the liberated homeland without losing its true nature as the people’s power. At last, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was born in September 1948. After liberation he put forward the line of building a new Korea and the basic line of socialist economic construction giving priority to the development of heavy industry while simultaneously developing light industry and agriculture in due consideration of the Korean people’s independent requirements and interests and the need of their steadfast implementation.
President Kim Il Sung led the revolution all his life by relying on the strength of the Korean nation with a conviction that self-reliance means the independence and Juche. His political creed was that one could win everything if one believes in one’s own strength and advances by relying on that strength, but one could not make a revolution nor maintain life if one does not believe in one’s strength but looks up to Heaven for help.
He saw to it that arms were obtained by snatching weapons from the enemy and building their own arsenals. He invented a method of turning out bombs suited to the reality of the guerrilla base with gunpowder of their own making and encouraged the workers of arsenals to display revolutionary zeal, fortitude and creative initiatives. As a result, they produced bombs only with hand tools like hammers, files and bellows. This induced the guerrillas and people to awake themselves to their own great capability and resources in practice and to gain faith through practice that they were fully capable of shaping their destiny with their own strength.
Later, self-reliance became the basic spirit and method in all spheres of the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle from the building of party organizations, establishment of the people’s revolutionary government and realization of the anti-Japanese national united front to the supply of food and clothing, provision of medical treatment and publication work. In this course, the philosophical axiom that if you follow the principle of self-reliance, you will live, and if not, you will perish, became the motto and soul of life.
This revolutionary tradition of self-reliance was later the spiritual staff in stepping up the whole process of the Korean revolution including the periods of postwar reconstruction and socialist construction.